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                            2. 蜘蛛资讯网最新发布:螺纹钢夜盘收市0.63%。 卖“妇科检查录像”的游鱼卖家回应:证据已提交警方游鱼筛查新浪科技账户 人民日报关注垃圾分类:上海航空居住区啃硬骨头垃圾分类上海航空志愿者 孙正义缺钱吗?远景基金向瑞穗高盛(Mizuho Goldman Sachs)提供了30亿美元贷款高盛(Goldman Sachs)新浪财经(Sina Finance and Economics) 民进党开了一个大玩笑徐家庆民进党中国大陆 早在夏天!保险业巨头安联:美联储新浪财经正在准备突然改变基调。  

                              ?#36164;?#21338;

                              变性父母的问题:母亲的性别是特定的吗?

                                  本文来源于微信公众号:neurity,来源:aeon,作者:Clarissa Sebag Montefiore,翻译:任玉芳,黄玉杰。头像来自:视觉中国。,对于新一代的变性父母及其子女来说,生育的意义正在发生根本性的转变。,费普达姆五岁时宣布她想做一个母亲。但有一个小问题:费伊出生于凯文。”我母亲说,不,不,不,不,你想做一个父亲。“普丹回答说,”我说,不,我想做一个母亲。我母亲当时就知道,哦,我的孩?#30828;?#19968;样了。”现在普达姆已经快30岁了,住在英格兰北部的纽卡斯尔,他希望子宫植入将是变性人的下一个阶段。她幻想着成为一个有着大脚踝和大拉伸痕迹的怀孕母亲。”想象一下?#19968;?#20102;自己的孩子。哇,我太?#19981;?#20102;。”,英国小姐变性比赛即将成为下一轮的最佳选择。普达姆去年9月获得第三名。她希望通过“为我投资基金”筹集10万美元,以支付在变性手术前21岁时使?#32654;?#20923;精子的代孕母亲的费用。她的追求已成为国际头条新闻。去年10月,《每日?#26102;ā?#21457;表了一则引人注目的新闻:“变性模特也想成为英国的第一对父母。”,费普丹和他的丈夫,在生殖医学中,母亲的定义已经从怀孕和分娩的母亲扩展到提供卵子的母亲和分娩的母亲。现在有第四种类型:变性母亲。这意味着,在各种各样的可能性中,母亲可以指的是从一个女人那里得到子宫的男人,停止?#37038;?#38604;激素替代治疗怀孕的男人,或是在变性前让代孕母亲使?#32654;?#20923;精子的女人。简单地说,母亲和父亲不再由我们出生时的染色体和性器官决定,而是由我们选择的性别决定。,2014年,美籍企业高管、变性妇女梅根?斯塔伯被《工作母亲》杂志评为“年度最佳工作母亲?#20445;?#36825;是她首次被授予变性人称号。2013年,加州一家非盈利机构Forwardtogether发布了一张名为“母亲节我们的方式”的电子母亲节卡片,以?#20174;?#24615;别流动的新现实。就在去年,奥巴马总统宣布,性别认同不应成为寄养和收养的障碍。,许多组织都在努力跟上这一步伐。就在Stebler获得该奖的同一年,纽?#21363;?#21892;堕胎基金会一致投票不再使用“女性”这个词,担心他们可能会疏远想要堕胎的变性男子。北?#20048;?#20135;士联盟(mana)在从其核心能力?#25913;?#20013;选择段落时,也用“怀孕?#27597;?#20154;”、“怀孕的父母”和“生育的父母”等词替换了“妇女”和“母亲”。,玛娜的行动并非没有对手。一个受人尊敬的助产士联盟联合起来表达了关?#23567;?#22312;一封公开信中,他们公开反对“加速当前趋势……否?#29616;?#35201;的生物现实,破坏自然与我们身体之间的联?#25285;?#23545;妇女有“有害影响”。,梅甘斯蒂布勒,关键是,做一个女人和一个母亲意味着什么——谁被?#24066;?#25198;演这个角色。”斯泰布勒在《赫芬顿?#26102;ā?#19978;坚持说:“我和其他母亲一样,是今年最出色的工作母亲。她的首要任务是利用高压工作来处理家庭事务。”但她的声明提出了一个问题:正如我们常说的那样,母性是先天的,是爱情的化学反应,是一个自我牺牲的“变化”过程,与怀孕和分娩密切相关吗?还是后天就能学到的东西?最终,变性母亲是强调相似性还是学会?#37038;?#19981;同?,关于“女性气质”的声明是一场激烈的战斗。母性显然具有独特的女性特征。《性别伤害:变性运动政治的女权主义分析》(2014)的作者和学者希拉·杰弗里斯坚持这?#36824;?#28857;,坦率地批评了变性运动。纵观历史,杰弗里斯认为男性主导了女性及其生殖生物学。她认为变性妇女正在重复这种模式。这是关于男性权利的另一章,试图控制女性的身体和生殖过程。女人应该假装身体不重要。,作为回应,变性运动谴责杰弗里斯是一个“特尔夫”或“反排他性激进女权主义者”。变性活动家辩称,杰弗里斯和其他赞同她的观点的人拒绝承认遭受?#29616;?#27495;视的少数民族,生育权正日益成为一个突出问题。,从男性过渡到女性是唯一合法的吗?,活动家认为,为了对抗这些偏见,语言必须变得更加包容。例如,根据变性博客emmett stoffer的说法,怀孕不再是女人的事,而是有子宫的人的事。与妇女身体有关的术语,如卵巢、阴道甚至妇女,都是原始性别特权的例子(原始性别是指自出生以来被赋予性别的人的身份)。在《每日妇女权利》网站上的一篇文章中,国际变性妇女网络的组织者Luna Merbruja批评了“真正?#27597;?#22899;”?#24615;?#32463;周期的混乱想法。这意味着公开?#33268;?#26376;经是一个党派行动,反对那些?#27704;?#27809;?#24615;?#32463;。,凯瑟琳珍娜,结果令人困惑。?#21271;?#21560;引的变性女性被告知月经是歧视性的,比如凯特琳·詹纳(Caitlyn Jenner),一位想?#24576;?#20026;女性的奥运会运动?#20445;?#29978;至是堕胎服务提供商。那么,男人的变性人是唯一的“合法”女人吗?记者埃莉诺·伯克特去年发表了《纽?#38469;?#25253;》的评论:“什么造就了女人?”他是这么问的。,性别正在逐渐成为一种我们可?#24895;?#25454;我们在人们心目中的正式愿望来选择和改变的东西。它也被看作是一个染色体谱,每个人都可以在?#20449;?#20043;间选择自己的位置。一个人可能天生有男性器官,看起来像个男人,或者像个男人一样生活在过去。但是,如果这样的男人开?#21450;?#33258;己看成一个女人,我们必须尊重他们,像?#28304;?#22899;人一样?#28304;?#20182;们。这?#22336;?#35748;生物学和自?#39029;?#25308;的自决的伟大实验,有助于削弱、颠覆和动摇“母亲”这个词的神圣地位。,随着身份政治的兴起,现代医学在生理和心理方面开辟了新的前沿。医生现在可以在体外塑造阴道和阴茎的形状;变性人可以增加或移除乳房,使用激素来生长或移除头发,并?#37038;?#25972;?#38382;?#26415;来改变他们的外观。相比之下,子宫移植?#28304;?#20110;发展阶段,但也表明子宫移?#37096;?#33021;会被纳入手术项目。,但即使在这个勇敢的新世界里,作为母亲的圣洁仍然是奇怪的。为什么这种传统的(或令人窒息的,有些人可能会说)角色对像普达姆和斯蒂布尔这样的变性女性如此重要,问题在于当前性别观念的多样性:因为如果我们固有的性别不再是女性成功的主要决定因素,那么生育就成了一个重要的基准。,在西方传统中,生物决定论坚持认为儿童在某种程度上使我们?#24052;?#25972;”。多伦多约克大学(YorkUniversity)妇产科研究的先驱安德里亚?奥雷利(AndreaO'Reilly)说:“这就是女性的身体注定或程序上的母性。”因此,亲子关系是个人成就的最终途径,对母性的渴望被认为是一种本能,是一种特定年龄的冲动。事实上,O'Reilly坚持说,“我们在社会上受过母性的训练——这就是我们如?#38395;?#20859;女孩。”,母性是一个随着时间和空间而变化的文化主题。?#26377;?#22810;不同?#27597;?#24565;中,我们可以看到母亲是什么,他们应该如何表现。在许多土著国家,如澳大利亚,儿童不仅由自己的母亲抚养,也由许多亲密部落的“阿姨?#22791;?#20859;。在维多利亚时代,贵族家庭的后代往往由护士、保姆和家教?#23637;恕?#19982;此相反,20?#20848;?0年代和60年代初的美国“超人?#21271;?#35748;为是历史上的一个里程碑。在电视连续剧《快乐的日子?#20998;校?#39532;里恩·坎宁安扮演了白人中产?#20934;?#21644;温和的一夫一妻制的角色,这是当时流行文化的体现。围裙母亲(同样是郊区生活的产物)呆在家里,献身于丈夫和孩子们。,电视剧《快乐的日子》,现在的假设是,一个女人可以成为宇航?#20445;?#20294;你仍然必须是一个母亲。,西方妇女解放世界的巨大社会变革对母亲的影响。这些变化中最重要的是改变对妇女的期望,她们可以在抚养孩子的同时有一份工作:根据祖传的数据,自1860年以来,美国有工作的母亲的数量增加了8倍。与?#36865;?#26102;,越来越多的女性不再选择做母亲。2014年,美国人口普查?#20848;疲?7.6%的15至44岁妇女?#28216;?#29983;过孩子(15.3%的40至44岁妇女没有孩子)。,然而,?#19978;?#24815;很难改变。娃娃、婴儿车和迷你餐桌仍然摆在年轻女孩玩具店的货架上。相比之下,尽管男孩将来也会像父亲一样长大,但他们并没有?#36824;?#36755;为父母是他们性别和自我意识的固有组成部分。”多伦多瑞尔森大学妇女研究副教授弗里德曼说:“20多岁?#27597;?#22899;有美丽的秘密,30多岁?#27597;?#22899;有母亲的秘密。”奥雷利同意:现在的想法是,即使你能成为宇航?#20445;?#20320;仍然必须是一个母亲。,简而言之,它仍然被视为一种自然和直观的东西。对母性的含糊不清和直截了当的?#33268;?#35753;人不安,也让人忌讳,包括不快乐、遗憾或拒绝生自己的孩子。我们现在可?#24895;?#25454;自己的一个成员来改变我们的性别,但是这个社会仍然像以往一样根深蒂固地把女孩培养成母亲,把和平的母亲地位作为生活的目标。,变性父母去哪里?在许多变性运动推翻的知识挑战中,所谓对完美母亲形象的颠覆就是提倡用中性词来形容“好父母?#20445;?#20943;少使用非中性词。但事实是这样吗?变性人的教养方式绝不是统一的。有些变性母亲非常害怕把孩子教给丈夫,因为他们害怕形成一个刻板的性别形象。例如,普丹感叹道,“我永远不会体验到生孩子的真正联系。”?#26412;?#30340;母亲身份和厚厚的脚踝:这些都是老式的女性美学。,这对年轻一代的变性人来说意义重大。多年来,变性人成为父母的时间和方式发生了重大变化。过去,很多人在变性手术前就有了孩子。一个早期的例子是著名的威尔士旅游作家?#24049;病?#33707;里斯,他也是已婚记者詹姆斯·莫里斯,1972年,他在?#37038;?#21464;性手术之前,有五个孩子。苦乐?#20255;?#30340;喜剧《Transamerica》(2005)讲述了一位变性妇女17年前与她意?#29616;?#22806;的儿子妥协的故事。最近的亚马逊电视连续剧《?#35813;鰲罰?014)更广泛地与一个家庭逐渐认识到并屈从于他们的父亲是变性人这一事实有关。,如今,6岁的孩子在出生时已经无法与自己的性别相匹配,青春期(就像安德烈贾?佩吉克(Andreja Pejic)那样,一个直截了当的变性模式)正在放缓或停止。生育权变得越来越重要:关于生育选择的?#33268;?#36234;来越广?#28023;?#21253;括冷冻精子、储存卵子或使用代孕母亲。当变性人和他们想要的性别生活在一起时,养育子女的可能性会更大。,?#20113;?#20025;来说,母性无处不在。当我们在一家时尚的伦敦酒店见面时,她坚持说她现在是一个“女人?#20445;?#32780;不是一个“新的,超级性别”的角色。作为一个女人,她陷入了成为母亲的强?#39029;?#21160;中。普丹在她的GoFundMe页面上写道:“我恳求并请求人?#20048;?#20041;援助,作为一个母亲,我感到不知所措。孩子们叫我母亲是我的梦想。请帮帮我。她的时间表?”“哦,天哪。”她俯身对我说,“明天,昨天。”,普丹认为女人?#23545;?#23601;了母亲。但是还有别的路线吗?#31354;?#23398;家莎拉·?#36710;?#20811;在她的书《母亲的思想:走向和平政治》(1989)中提倡性别中立。她认为动词“向福教子”不是我们性别和性别的产物,而是一种实践。过去,祥福的教子只与妇女的工作有关,代表了妇女的温柔、温柔和善良的品格。但在当今世界,男人可?#28304;?#22312;家里,女人可以去工作,性别可?#24895;?#21464;。”“法律教师”也必须扩展到其他领域。,女同性恋夫妇提供了一种替代当前主流育儿方式的方法。,同样的性权利铺平了道路。根据洛杉矶威廉姆斯研?#20811;?#30340;数据,2009年大约16%的同性恋夫妇抚养孩子,现在在美国所有的州都可以合法领养孩子,?#36824;?#39046;养夫妇的性别。今天关于变性父母养育子女的争论与之前关于同性父母的?#33268;?#26159;一样的,也就是说,?#20843;?#20204;能成为父母吗?”我应该做父母吗?如何做一个好父母?我认为变性运动正在回到我们开始的地方。奥利里说。特别是在过去的十年里,人们目睹了学术界刻意去除“母性工作”的性别含义,“这是一种真正尝试将母性工作与母性生物学分离开来”。,女同性恋夫妇提供了一种替代当前主流育儿方式的方法。现在,作为母亲,“被认为是两个女人可以分享的一个特征,它不一定与分娩和母乳喂养有关。”?#19976;骸す诺?#28201;这样说。她目前是悉尼大学?#27597;?#25945;授,也是《好母亲:澳大利亚当代母亲》(2010年)的?#29616;?#32773;。,特雷弗·麦克唐纳是一个从事“生育”工作的人。用他自己的话来说,这就是“育儿”。20岁出头的时候,麦克唐纳从一个女孩变成了一个男孩。他用?#21644;?#28608;素长胡子,压低声音。他?#37038;?#20102;双乳房切除术,但没有进行彻底的变性手术,保留了子宫和阴道。这对被认为是“男同性恋”的夫妇,在会见了他的男情人并结婚后,决定生个孩子。,特雷弗·麦克唐纳,麦克唐?#31579;?#35785;我,“我们知道这个问题。对我们来说,我们的身体结构可以让婴儿出生。”2011年,他停止注射?#21644;?#28608;素并怀孕,第一次在家分娩。麦克唐纳自始至终都认为自己是个男人。他的两个孩子,五岁的儿子和一岁的女儿,称他为“父亲”。但他在婴儿阶段仍使用母乳喂养(从性别中立的角度称为母乳喂养),并使用母乳喂养网站“母乳喂养婴儿?#26412;?#36192;的母乳来满足他们的母乳喂养需求。,麦克唐纳公开反对:当他在飞机上母乳喂养他的孩子时,一位妇女指责他说他的孩子“需要一对真正的乳房”。但总的来说,这一经历使他不仅质疑变性人的权利,而且质疑男人的权利,在他的书中,母亲在哪里?#21051;致?#20102;变性父亲的故事(2016年)。,“当人们看到父亲带着孩子时,他们通常会想,母亲在哪里?她为什么不?#23637;?#23401;子?”我们的文化认为,妇女应该承担起?#23637;?#23401;子的所有工作,尤其是那些还年轻的孩子,”他解释说。这就使得人们对女性抱有很大的期望,而这实际上会对男性的?#20848;?#20135;生负面影响。,未能正确地集成到任何组中都可能导致许多问题。麦克唐纳参加了由国际母乳喂养组织国际母乳喂养俱乐部(LLLC)加拿大分会在其居住区举办的联谊会。为了?#34892;?#20182;们的帮助,他后来申请以志愿者的身份加入他们。但是他的申请被拒绝了:他们拒绝相信他们需要有“母亲经验”的人。(另一些人则指责他恰恰相反:保守的新闻网站breitbart.com嘲笑麦当劳生孩子的决定,?#28304;?#20316;为“无论做什么整容手术,人们都无法摆脱生理学固有的潜能”的证据。,目前,对母乳喂养的重视大多是一种道德和现实的选择,这是划时代的。,“这很有趣,因为我?#27704;?#27809;有想过母亲是如何存在的,但是我们的文化定义了母亲,并且一直在谈论母亲。“通过母乳喂养或?#20146;?#27597;亲,我看到了我如何在某种程度上?#30007;?#36825;一职责。”麦克唐纳?#20102;?#30528;说,他称之为“养育”。(LLLC后来改变了申请条件,麦当劳现在是志愿者之一。),A.J.Lowik在一篇题为《实质性突破:谈论男人、母亲和母亲》(2015年)的文章中声称,“母乳喂养的生理过程与‘好’母亲(和父亲)的道德教育有关,而‘好’母亲(和父亲)的道德教育正被变性父?#29238;?#21464;。然而,正如洛维克指出的那样,目前对母乳喂养的大多数强调既是一种道德上的选择,也是一种现实上的选择,这是划时代的:毕竟,在20?#20848;统酰?#38599;佣奶妈来喂养孩子的做法很普遍。,麦克唐纳认为,他的子宫、卵子和阴?#20048;?#26159;功能性的生殖器,与任何性行为无关。它们只是“生殖所需的身体部位”。为他哺乳只是为了赚钱。这是一种喂养婴儿的方法。对于其他人来说,这些事情是有意义的。当美国变性人兼酒吧经理尼克·鲍泽意识到自己怀孕了,他承?#38505;?#26159;?#20843;?#19968;生中最黑暗的时刻”。他的妻子比安卡也是一个异性恋艺术家(他们没有做过性替代手术)。我的大?#24895;?#35785;我我是一个人。但我的身体看起来完全不同。去年,他对美国广播公司新闻电视节目20/20说。,一个性别流动的世界也许有助于重组之前对父母应该扮演的角色的严格期望,但如果它是这样的?#22467;?#37027;么认为它会创造一个无性别的乌托邦就太天真了。”变性母亲确实改变了母性世界?#27597;?#23616;。“但?#19968;?#30097;变性母亲仍然会受?#33050;?#35780;,不会有自己的标准?#38382;劍憊诺?#28201;说。,变性父亲也是如此。2007年,当?#26032;?#26031;·比蒂受到媒体的关注并?#24576;?#20026;“怀孕男人”时,一些评论员开始质疑他是否可以借自己的子宫而被合理地认作“男人”。获得“好母亲”称号的优秀变性父亲面临着一个难题。他必须牺牲已确立的男性身份。正如洛维克所说,“一个好的变性父亲就是母乳喂养的人。尽管他自己可能会感觉到性别失衡,但他还?#20146;?#20102;,尽管他做过变性手术。他必须忽视他是否是一个“真正的人”的问题。,无论是通过收养、代?#23567;?#33258;然分娩还是分娩后的变性,成为变性父母的所有过程都是困难的。在一个女性被高度浪漫化的社会里,最大的挑战是偏见:社会活动家达比·希基说,她被妖魔化为“生病,不能做母亲?#20445;?#22240;为她是一个变性人。,社交媒体为“正确”育儿方法的密切自我监控提供了一个?#20843;?#26410;有的平台。母亲出卖自?#28023;?#35753;自己受?#33050;?#35780;,公开评判别人。在《赫芬顿?#26102;ā?#19978;,希基说她“总是困扰自?#28023;还?#22905;是否是一个好母亲。”——这些问题因她的变性身份而加剧:“如果我儿子头上戴着发夹,或者穿着粉红色的裙子裤子,我会担心的。恐怕人们认为我是在给他灌输思想。他害怕被骚扰。恐怕其他父母不会让他们的孩子和我的孩子一起玩。”,世界上有上百万个没有性的儿童的特殊称谓,但没有一个是没有性的父母的特殊称谓。,对于悉尼的变性人Tea Uglow来说,抚养前妻的两个年幼的儿子(都是在她走出家门之前出生的),“最重要的是不要试?#24049;?#29702;化以前的经历——要有一个前瞻性的视角。试图改写过去是没有用的。”,埃尔格罗不想再获得“父亲”的男性标签,但她的前妻对分享“母亲”这个词有些不安,担心她会失去自己的角色。“有点尴尬。”埃尔格罗承认。世界上有数以百万计的无性别儿童的特殊称谓,但没有无性别父母的特殊称谓。只有当这个词存在时,我们才能谈论这个想法。词汇表是为满足需求而创建的。后来,当我的孩子跌倒,擦伤膝盖,或者当?#26131;?#36827;房子时,他们可以停止对我们喊“父母”。,这些期望可以也将改变。尽管变性政策有了新的可见度,但不太可能对性别进行全面彻底?#27597;母鎩?#22885;莱里说:“从根本上说,我们无法?#28216;?#20204;生活的环境中获得这些尝试。”--别忘了,对于绝大多数人来说,?#20449;?#30340;性别二元论仍然占主导地位。这一变性运动是否最终会动摇或实际上只会加强被广?#33322;邮?#30340;为人父母的性别主张,仍有待观察。,普丹并不难过。她耸?#22987;紓?#36731;轻地梳了梳长发。”没有人给过你生活?#25913;稀!?#20154;?#21069;?#23427;看得太严肃了。”她说,凝视着泡沫咖啡上流?#39318;?#30340;桂皮心。当然,我认为作为一个变性父母,和一个普通的父母是完全一样的:抚养孩子太困难了。,本文来源于微信公众号:neurity,来源:aeon,作者:Clarissa Sebag Montefiore,翻译:任玉芳,黄玉杰。头像来自:视觉中国。

                              ben wen lai yuan yu wei xin gong zhong hao: neurity, lai yuan: aeon, zuo zhe: Clarissa Sebag Montefiore, fan yi: ren yu fang, huang yu jie. tou xiang lai zi: shi jue zhong guo., dui yu xin yi dai de bian xing fu mu ji qi zi nv lai shuo, sheng yu de yi yi zheng zai fa sheng gen ben xing de zhuan bian., fei pu da mu wu sui shi xuan bu ta xiang zuo yi ge mu qin. dan you yi ge xiao wen ti: fei yi chu sheng yu kai wen." wo mu qin shuo, bu, bu, bu, bu, ni xiang zuo yi ge fu qin." pu dan hui da shuo," wo shuo, bu, wo xiang zuo yi ge mu qin. wo mu qin dang shi jiu zhi dao, o, wo de hai zi bu yi yang le." xian zai pu da mu yi jing kuai 30 sui le, zhu zai ying ge lan bei bu de niu ka si er, ta xi wang zi gong zhi ru jiang shi bian xing ren de xia yi ge jie duan. ta huan xiang zhe cheng wei yi ge you zhe da jiao huai he da la shen hen ji de huai yun mu qin." xiang xiang yi xia wo huai le zi ji de hai zi. wa, wo tai xi huan le.", ying guo xiao jie bian xing bi sai ji jiang cheng wei xia yi lun de zui jia xuan ze. pu da mu qu nian 9 yue huo de di san ming. ta xi wang tong guo" wei wo tou zi ji jin" chou ji 10 wan mei yuan, yi zhi fu zai bian xing shou shu qian 21 sui shi shi yong leng dong jing zi de dai yun mu qin de fei yong. ta de zhui qiu yi cheng wei guo ji tou tiao xin wen. qu nian 10 yue, mei ri you bao fa biao le yi ze yin ren zhu mu di xin wen:" bian xing mo te ye xiang cheng wei ying guo de di yi dui fu mu.", fei pu dan he ta de zhang fu, zai sheng zhi yi xue zhong, mu qin de ding yi yi jing cong huai yun he fen mian de mu qin kuo zhan dao ti gong luan zi de mu qin he fen mian de mu qin. xian zai you di si zhong lei xing: bian xing mu qin. zhe yi wei zhe, zai ge zhong ge yang de ke neng xing zhong, mu qin ke yi zhi de shi cong yi ge nv ren na li de dao zi gong de nan ren, ting zhi jie shou ci ji su ti dai zhi liao huai yun de nan ren, huo shi zai bian xing qian rang dai yun mu qin shi yong leng dong jing zi de nv ren. jian dan de shuo, mu qin he fu qin bu zai you wo men chu sheng shi de ran se ti he xing qi guan jue ding, er shi you wo men xuan ze de xing bie jue ding., 2014 nian, mei ji qi ye gao guan bian xing fu nv mei gen si ta bo bei gong zuo mu qin za zhi ping wei" nian du zui jia gong zuo mu qin", zhe shi ta shou ci bei shou yu bian xing ren cheng hao. 2013 nian, jia zhou yi jia fei ying li ji gou Forwardtogether fa bu le yi zhang ming wei" mu qin jie wo men de fang shi" de dian zi mu qin jie ka pian, yi fan ying xing bie liu dong de xin xian shi. jiu zai qu nian, ao ba ma zong tong xuan bu, xing bie ren tong bu ying cheng wei ji yang he shou yang de zhang ai., xu duo zu zhi dou zai nu li gen shang zhe yi bu fa. jiu zai Stebler huo de gai jiang de tong yi nian, niu yue ci shan duo tai ji jin hui yi zhi tou piao bu zai shi yong" nv xing" zhe ge ci, dan xin ta men ke neng hui shu yuan xiang yao duo tai de bian xing nan zi. bei mei zhu chan shi lian meng mana zai cong qi he xin neng li zhi nan zhong xuan ze duan luo shi, ye yong" huai yun de ge ren"" huai yun de fu mu" he" sheng yu de fu mu" deng ci ti huan le" fu nv" he" mu qin"., ma na de xing dong bing fei mei you dui shou. yi ge shou ren zun jing de zhu chan shi lian meng lian he qi lai biao da le guan qie. zai yi feng gong kai xin zhong, ta men gong kai fan dui" jia su dang qian qu shi fou ren zhong yao de sheng wu xian shi, po huai zi ran yu wo men shen ti zhi jian de lian xi, dui fu nv you" you hai ying xiang"., mei gan si di bu lei, guan jian shi, zuo yi ge nv ren he yi ge mu qin yi wei zhe shen me shui bei yun xu ban yan zhe ge jue se." si tai bu lei zai he fen dun you bao shang jian chi shuo:" wo he qi ta mu qin yi yang, shi jin nian zui chu se de gong zuo mu qin. ta de shou yao ren wu shi li yong gao ya gong zuo lai chu li jia ting shi wu." dan ta de sheng ming ti chu le yi ge wen ti: zheng ru wo men chang shuo de na yang, mu xing shi xian tian de, shi ai qing de hua xue fan ying, shi yi ge zi wo xi sheng de" bian hua" guo cheng, yu huai yun he fen mian mi qie xiang guan ma? hai shi hou tian jiu neng xue dao de dong xi? zui zhong, bian xing mu qin shi qiang diao xiang si xing hai shi xue hui jie shou bu tong?, guan yu" nv xing qi zhi" de sheng ming shi yi chang ji lie de zhan dou. mu xing xian ran ju you du te de nv xing te zheng. xing bie shang hai: bian xing yun dong zheng zhi de nv quan zhu yi fen xi 2014 de zuo zhe he xue zhe xi la jie fu li si jian chi zhe yi guan dian, tan shuai di pi ping le bian xing yun dong. zong guan li shi, jie fu li si ren wei nan xing zhu dao le nv xing ji qi sheng zhi sheng wu xue. ta ren wei bian xing fu nv zheng zai chong fu zhe zhong mo shi. zhe shi guan yu nan xing quan li de ling yi zhang, shi tu kong zhi nv xing de shen ti he sheng zhi guo cheng. nv ren ying gai jia zhuang shen ti bu zhong yao., zuo wei hui ying, bian xing yun dong qian ze jie fu li si shi yi ge" te er fu" huo" fan pai ta xing ji jin nv quan zhu yi zhe". bian xing huo dong jia bian cheng, jie fu li si he qi ta zan tong ta de guan dian de ren ju jue cheng ren zao shou yan zhong qi shi de shao shu min zu, sheng yu quan zheng ri yi cheng wei yi ge tu chu wen ti., cong nan xing guo du dao nv xing shi wei yi he fa de ma?, huo dong jia ren wei, wei le dui kang zhei xie pian jian, yu yan bi xu bian de geng jia bao rong. li ru, gen ju bian xing bo ke emmett stoffer de shuo fa, huai yun bu zai shi nv ren de shi, er shi you zi gong de ren de shi. yu fu nv shen ti you guan de shu yu, ru luan chao yin dao shen zhi fu nv, dou shi yuan shi xing bie te quan de li zi yuan shi xing bie shi zhi zi chu sheng yi lai bei fu yu xing bie de ren de shen fen. zai mei ri fu nv quan li wang zhan shang de yi pian wen zhang zhong, guo ji bian xing fu nv wang luo de zu zhi zhe Luna Merbruja pi ping le" zhen zheng de fu nv" you yue jing zhou qi de hun luan xiang fa. zhe yi wei zhe gong kai tao lun yue jing shi yi ge dang pai xing dong, fan dui nei xie cong lai mei you yue jing., kai se lin zhen na, jie guo ling ren kun huo." bei xi yin de bian xing nv xing bei gao zhi yue jing shi qi shi xing de, bi ru kai te lin zhan na Caitlyn Jenner, yi wei xiang bei cheng wei nv xing de ao yun hui yun dong yuan, shen zhi shi duo tai fu wu ti gong shang. na me, nan ren de bian xing ren shi wei yi de" he fa" nv ren ma? ji zhe ai li nuo bo ke te qu nian fa biao le niu yue shi bao de ping lun:" shen me zao jiu le nv ren?" ta shi zhe me wen de., xing bie zheng zai zhu jian cheng wei yi zhong wo men ke yi gen ju wo men zai ren men xin mu zhong de zheng shi yuan wang lai xuan ze he gai bian de dong xi. ta ye bei kan zuo shi yi ge ran se ti pu, mei ge ren dou ke yi zai nan nv zhi jian xuan ze zi ji de wei zhi. yi ge ren ke neng tian sheng you nan xing qi guan, kan qi lai xiang ge nan ren, huo zhe xiang ge nan ren yi yang sheng huo zai guo qu. dan shi, ru guo zhe yang de nan ren kai shi ba zi ji kan cheng yi ge nv ren, wo men bi xu zun zhong ta men, xiang dui dai nv ren yi yang dui dai ta men. zhe zhong fou ren sheng wu xue he zi wo chong bai de zi jue de wei da shi yan, you zhu yu xue ruo dian fu he dong yao" mu qin" zhe ge ci de shen sheng di wei., sui zhe shen fen zheng zhi de xing qi, xian dai yi xue zai sheng li he xin li fang mian kai pi le xin de qian yan. yi sheng xian zai ke yi zai ti wai su zao yin dao he yin jing de xing zhuang bian xing ren ke yi zeng jia huo yi chu ru fang, shi yong ji su lai sheng zhang huo yi chu tou fa, bing jie shou zheng xing shou shu lai gai bian ta men de wai guan. xiang bi zhi xia, zi gong yi zhi reng chu yu fa zhan jie duan, dan ye biao ming zi gong yi zhi ke neng hui bei na ru shou shu xiang mu., dan ji shi zai zhe ge yong gan de xin shi jie li, zuo wei mu qin de sheng jie reng ran shi qi guai de. wei shen me zhe zhong chuan tong de huo ling ren zhi xi de, you xie ren ke neng hui shuo jue se dui xiang pu da mu he si di bu er zhe yang de bian xing nv xing ru ci zhong yao, wen ti zai yu dang qian xing bie guan nian de duo yang xing: yin wei ru guo wo men gu you de xing bie bu zai shi nv xing cheng gong de zhu yao jue ding yin su, na me sheng yu jiu cheng le yi ge zhong yao de ji zhun., zai xi fang chuan tong zhong, sheng wu jue ding lun jian chi ren wei er tong zai mou zhong cheng du shang shi wo men" wan zheng". duo lun duo yue ke da xue YorkUniversity fu chan ke yan jiu de xian qu an de li ya ao lei li AndreaO' Reilly shuo:" zhe jiu shi nv xing de shen ti zhu ding huo cheng xu shang de mu xing." yin ci, qin zi guan xi shi ge ren cheng jiu de zui zhong tu jing, dui mu xing de ke wang bei ren wei shi yi zhong ben neng, shi yi zhong te ding nian ling de chong dong. shi shi shang, O' Reilly jian chi shuo," wo men zai she hui shang shou guo mu xing de xun lian zhe jiu shi wo men ru he pei yang nv hai.", mu xing shi yi ge sui zhe shi jian he kong jian er bian hua de wen hua zhu ti. cong xu duo bu tong de gai nian zhong, wo men ke yi kan dao mu qin shi shen me, ta men ying gai ru he biao xian. zai xu duo tu zhu guo jia, ru ao da li ya, er tong bu jin you zi ji de mu qin fu yang, ye you xu duo qin mi bu luo de" a yi" fu yang. zai wei duo li ya shi dai, gui zu jia ting de hou dai wang wang you hu shi bao mu he jia jiao zhao gu. yu ci xiang fan, 20 shi ji 50 nian dai he 60 nian dai chu de mei guo" chao ren" bei ren wei shi li shi shang de yi ge li cheng bei. zai dian shi lian xu ju kuai le de ri zi zhong, ma li en kan ning an ban yan le bai ren zhong chan jie ji he wen he de yi fu yi qi zhi de jue se, zhe shi dang shi liu xing wen hua de ti xian. wei qun mu qin tong yang shi jiao qu sheng huo de chan wu dai zai jia li, xian shen yu zhang fu he hai zi men., dian shi ju kuai le de ri zi, xian zai de jia she shi, yi ge nv ren ke yi cheng wei yu hang yuan, dan ni reng ran bi xu shi yi ge mu qin., xi fang fu nv jie fang shi jie de ju da she hui bian ge dui mu qin de ying xiang. zhei xie bian hua zhong zui zhong yao de shi gai bian dui fu nv de qi wang, ta men ke yi zai fu yang hai zi de tong shi you yi fen gong zuo: gen ju zu chuan de shu ju, zi 1860 nian yi lai, mei guo you gong zuo de mu qin de shu liang zeng jia le 8 bei. yu ci tong shi, yue lai yue duo de nv xing bu zai xuan ze zuo mu qin. 2014 nian, mei guo ren kou pu zha gu ji, 47. 6 de 15 zhi 44 sui fu nv cong wei sheng guo hai zi 15. 3 de 40 zhi 44 sui fu nv mei you hai zi., ran er, jiu xi guan hen nan gai bian. wa wa ying er che he mi ni can zhuo reng ran bai zai nian qing nv hai wan ju dian de huo jia shang. xiang bi zhi xia, jin guan nan hai jiang lai ye hui xiang fu qin yi yang zhang da, dan ta men bing mei you bei guan shu wei fu mu shi ta men xing bie he zi wo yi shi de gu you zu cheng bu fen." duo lun duo rui er sen da xue fu nv yan jiu fu jiao shou fu li de man shuo:" 20 duo sui de fu nv you mei li de mi mi, 30 duo sui de fu nv you mu qin de mi mi." ao lei li tong yi: xian zai de xiang fa shi, ji shi ni neng cheng wei yu hang yuan, ni reng ran bi xu shi yi ge mu qin., jian er yan zhi, ta reng ran bei shi wei yi zhong zi ran he zhi guan de dong xi. dui mu xing de han hu bu qing he zhi jie liao dang de tao lun rang ren bu an, ye rang ren ji hui, bao kuo bu kuai le yi han huo ju jue sheng zi ji de hai zi. wo men xian zai ke yi gen ju zi ji de yi ge cheng yuan lai gai bian wo men de xing bie, dan shi zhe ge she hui reng ran xiang yi wang yi yang gen shen di gu di ba nv hai pei yang cheng mu qin, ba he ping de mu qin di wei zuo wei sheng huo de mu biao., bian xing fu mu qu na li? zai xu duo bian xing yun dong tui fan de zhi shi tiao zhan zhong, suo wei dui wan mei mu qin xing xiang de dian fu jiu shi ti chang yong zhong xing ci lai xing rong" hao fu mu", jian shao shi yong fei zhong xing ci. dan shi shi shi zhe yang ma? bian xing ren de jiao yang fang shi jue bu shi tong yi de. you xie bian xing mu qin fei chang hai pa ba hai zi jiao gei zhang fu, yin wei ta men hai pa xing cheng yi ge ke ban de xing bie xing xiang. li ru, pu dan gan tan dao," wo yong yuan bu hui ti yan dao sheng hai zi di zhen zheng lian xi." zhi jue de mu qin shen fen he hou hou de jiao huai: zhei xie dou shi lao shi de nv xing mei xue., zhe dui nian qing yi dai de bian xing ren lai shuo yi yi zhong da. duo nian lai, bian xing ren cheng wei fu mu de shi jian he fang shi fa sheng le zhong da bian hua. guo qu, hen duo ren zai bian xing shou shu qian jiu you le hai zi. yi ge zao qi de li zi shi zhu ming de wei er shi lv you zuo jia yue han mo li si, ta ye shi yi hun ji zhe zhan mu si mo li si, 1972 nian, ta zai jie shou bian xing shou shu zhi qian, you wu ge hai zi. ku le can ban de xi ju Transamerica 2005 jiang shu le yi wei bian xing fu nv 17 nian qian yu ta yi liao zhi wai de er zi tuo xie de gu shi. zui jin de ya ma xun dian shi lian xu ju tou ming 2014 geng guang fan di yu yi ge jia ting zhu jian ren shi dao bing qu cong yu ta men de fu qin shi bian xing ren zhe yi shi shi you guan., ru jin, 6 sui de hai zi zai chu sheng shi yi jing wu fa yu zi ji de xing bie xiang pi pei, qing chun qi jiu xiang an de lie jia pei ji ke Andreja Pejic na yang, yi ge zhi jie liao dang de bian xing mo shi zheng zai fang huan huo ting zhi. sheng yu quan bian de yue lai yue zhong yao: guan yu sheng yu xuan ze de tao lun yue lai yue guang fan, bao kuo leng dong jing zi chu cun luan zi huo shi yong dai yun mu qin. dang bian xing ren he ta men xiang yao de xing bie sheng huo zai yi qi shi, yang yu zi nv de ke neng xing hui geng da., dui pu dan lai shuo, mu xing wu chu bu zai. dang wo men zai yi jia shi shang de lun dun jiu dian jian mian shi, ta jian chi shuo ta xian zai shi yi ge" nv ren", er bu shi yi ge" xin de, chao ji xing bie" de jue se. zuo wei yi ge nv ren, ta xian ru le cheng wei mu qin de qiang lie chong dong zhong. pu dan zai ta de GoFundMe ye mian shang xie dao:" wo ken qiu bing qing qiu ren dao zhu yi yuan zhu, zuo wei yi ge mu qin, wo gan dao bu zhi suo cuo. hai zi men jiao wo mu qin shi wo de meng xiang. qing bang bang wo. ta de shi jian biao?"" o, tian na." ta fu shen dui wo shuo," ming tian, zuo tian.", pu dan ren wei nv ren wei zao jiu le mu qin. dan shi hai you bie de lu xian ma? zhe xue jia sha la lu di ke zai ta de shu mu qin de si xiang: zou xiang he ping zheng zhi 1989 zhong ti chang xing bie zhong li. ta ren wei dong ci" xiang fu jiao zi" bu shi wo men xing bie he xing bie de chan wu, er shi yi zhong shi jian. guo qu, xiang fu de jiao zi zhi yu fu nv de gong zuo you guan, dai biao le fu nv de wen rou wen rou he shan liang de pin ge. dan zai dang jin shi jie, nan ren ke yi dai zai jia li, nv ren ke yi qu gong zuo, xing bie ke yi gai bian."" fa lv jiao shi" ye bi xu kuo zhan dao qi ta ling yu., nv tong xing lian fu fu ti gong le yi zhong ti dai dang qian zhu liu yu er fang shi de fang fa., tong yang de xing quan li pu ping le dao lu. gen ju luo shan ji wei lian mu si yan jiu suo de shu ju, 2009 nian da yue 16 de tong xing lian fu fu fu yang hai zi, xian zai zai mei guo suo you de zhou dou ke yi he fa ling yang hai zi, bu guan ling yang fu fu de xing bie. jin tian guan yu bian xing fu mu yang yu zi nv de zheng lun yu zhi qian guan yu tong xing fu mu de tao lun shi yi yang de, ye jiu shi shuo," ta men neng cheng wei fu mu ma?" wo ying gai zuo fu mu ma? ru he zuo yi ge hao fu mu? wo ren wei bian xing yun dong zheng zai hui dao wo men kai shi de di fang. ao li li shuo. te bie shi zai guo qu de shi nian li, ren men mu du le xue shu jie ke yi qu chu" mu xing gong zuo" de xing bie han yi," zhe shi yi zhong zhen zheng chang shi jiang mu xing gong zuo yu mu xing sheng wu xue fen li kai lai"., nv tong xing lian fu fu ti gong le yi zhong ti dai dang qian zhu liu yu er fang shi de fang fa. xian zai, zuo wei mu qin," bei ren wei shi liang ge nv ren ke yi fen xiang de yi ge te zheng, ta bu yi ding yu fen mian he mu ru wei yang you guan." su shan gu de wen zhe yang shuo. ta mu qian shi xi ni da xue de fu jiao shou, ye shi hao mu qin: ao da li ya dang dai mu qin 2010 nian de he zhu zhe., te lei fu mai ke tang na shi yi ge cong shi" sheng yu" gong zuo de ren. yong ta zi ji de hua lai shuo, zhe jiu shi" yu er". 20 sui chu tou de shi hou, mai ke tang na cong yi ge nv hai bian cheng le yi ge nan hai. ta yong gao wan ji su zhang hu zi, ya di sheng yin. ta jie shou le shuang ru fang qie chu shu, dan mei you jin xing che di de bian xing shou shu, bao liu le zi gong he yin dao. zhe dui bei ren wei shi" nan tong xing lian" de fu fu, zai hui jian le ta de nan qing ren bing jie hun hou, jue ding sheng ge hai zi., te lei fu mai ke tang na, mai ke tang na gao su wo," wo men zhi dao zhe ge wen ti. dui wo men lai shuo, wo men de shen ti jie gou ke yi rang ying er chu sheng." 2011 nian, ta ting zhi zhu she gao wan ji su bing huai yun, di yi ci zai jia fen mian. mai ke tang na zi shi zhi zhong dou ren wei zi ji shi ge nan ren. ta de liang ge hai zi, wu sui de er zi he yi sui de nv er, cheng ta wei" fu qin". dan ta zai ying er jie duan reng shi yong mu ru wei yang cong xing bie zhong li de jiao du cheng wei mu ru wei yang, bing shi yong mu ru wei yang wang zhan" mu ru wei yang ying er" juan zeng de mu ru lai man zu ta men de mu ru wei yang xu qiu., mai ke tang na gong kai fan dui: dang ta zai fei ji shang mu ru wei yang ta de hai zi shi, yi wei fu nv zhi ze ta shuo ta de hai zi" xu yao yi dui zhen zheng de ru fang". dan zong de lai shuo, zhe yi jing li shi ta bu jin zhi yi bian xing ren de quan li, er qie zhi yi nan ren de quan li, zai ta de shu zhong, mu qin zai na li? tao lun le bian xing fu qin de gu shi 2016 nian.," dang ren men kan dao fu qin dai zhe hai zi shi, ta men tong chang hui xiang, mu qin zai na li? ta wei shen me bu zhao gu hai zi?" wo men de wen hua ren wei, fu nv ying gai cheng dan qi zhao gu hai zi de suo you gong zuo, you qi shi nei xie hai nian qing de hai zi," ta jie shi shuo. zhe jiu shi de ren men dui nv xing bao you hen da de qi wang, er zhe shi ji shang hui dui nan xing de ping jia chan sheng fu mian ying xiang., wei neng zheng que di ji cheng dao ren he zu zhong dou ke neng dao zhi xu duo wen ti. mai ke tang na can jia le you guo ji mu ru wei yang zu zhi guo ji mu ru wei yang ju le bu LLLC jia na da fen hui zai qi ju zhu qu ju ban de lian yi hui. wei le gan xie ta men de bang zhu, ta hou lai shen qing yi zhi yuan zhe de shen fen jia ru ta men. dan shi ta de shen qing bei ju jue le: ta men ju jue xiang xin ta men xu yao you" mu qin jing yan" de ren. ling yi xie ren ze zhi ze ta qia qia xiang fan: bao shou de xin wen wang zhan breitbart. com chao xiao mai dang lao sheng hai zi de jue ding, yi ci zuo wei" wu lun zuo shen me zheng rong shou shu, ren men dou wu fa bai tuo sheng li xue gu you de qian neng" di zheng ju., mu qian, dui mu ru wei yang de zhong shi da duo shi yi zhong dao de he xian shi de xuan ze, zhe shi hua shi dai de.," zhe hen you qu, yin wei wo cong lai mei you xiang guo mu qin shi ru he cun zai de, dan shi wo men de wen hua ding yi le mu qin, bing qie yi zhi zai tan lun mu qin." tong guo mu ru wei yang huo shi zuo mu qin, wo kan dao le wo ru he zai mou zhong cheng du shang lv xing zhe yi zhi ze." mai ke tang na chen si zhe shuo, ta cheng zhi wei" yang yu". LLLC hou lai gai bian le shen qing tiao jian, mai dang lao xian zai shi zhi yuan zhe zhi yi., A. J. Lowik zai yi pian ti wei shi zhi xing tu po: tan lun nan ren mu qin he mu qin 2015 nian de wen zhang zhong sheng cheng," mu ru wei yang de sheng li guo cheng yu' hao' mu qin he fu qin de dao de jiao yu you guan, er' hao' mu qin he fu qin de dao de jiao yu zheng bei bian xing fu mu gai bian. ran er, zheng ru luo wei ke zhi chu de na yang, mu qian dui mu ru wei yang de da duo shu qiang diao ji shi yi zhong dao de shang de xuan ze, ye shi yi zhong xian shi shang de xuan ze, zhe shi hua shi dai de: bi jing, zai 20 shi ji chu, gu yong nai ma lai wei yang hai zi de zuo fa hen pu bian., mai ke tang na ren wei, ta de zi gong luan zi he yin dao zhi shi gong neng xing de sheng zhi qi, yu ren he xing xing wei wu guan. ta men zhi shi" sheng zhi suo xu de shen ti bu wei". wei ta bu ru zhi shi wei le zhuan qian. zhe shi yi zhong wei yang ying er de fang fa. dui yu qi ta ren lai shuo, zhei xie shi qing shi you yi yi de. dang mei guo bian xing ren jian jiu ba jing li ni ke bao ze yi shi dao zi ji huai yun le, ta cheng ren zhe shi" ta yi sheng zhong zui hei an de shi ke". ta de qi zi bi an ka ye shi yi ge yi xing lian yi shu jia ta men mei you zuo guo xing ti dai shou shu. wo de da nao gao su wo wo shi yi ge ren. dan wo de shen ti kan qi lai wan quan bu tong. qu nian, ta dui mei guo guang bo gong si xin wen dian shi jie mu 20 20 shuo., yi ge xing bie liu dong de shi jie ye xu you zhu yu chong zu zhi qian dui fu mu ying gai ban yan de jue se de yan ge qi wang, dan ru guo ta shi zhe yang de hua, na me ren wei ta hui chuang zao yi ge wu xing bie de wu tuo bang jiu tai tian zhen le." bian xing mu qin que shi gai bian le mu xing shi jie de ge ju." dan wo huai yi bian xing mu qin reng ran hui shou dao pi ping, bu hui you zi ji de biao zhun xing shi," gu de wen shuo., bian xing fu qin ye shi ru ci. 2007 nian, dang tuo ma si bi di shou dao mei ti de guan zhu bing bei cheng wei" huai yun nan ren" shi, yi xie ping lun yuan kai shi zhi yi ta shi fou ke yi jie zi ji de zi gong er bei he li di ren zuo" nan ren". huo de" hao mu qin" cheng hao de you xiu bian xing fu qin mian lin zhe yi ge nan ti. ta bi xu xi sheng yi que li de nan xing shen fen. zheng ru luo wei ke suo shuo," yi ge hao de bian xing fu qin jiu shi mu ru wei yang de ren. jin guan ta zi ji ke neng hui gan jue dao xing bie shi heng, dan ta hai shi zuo le, jin guan ta zuo guo bian xing shou shu. ta bi xu hu shi ta shi fou shi yi ge" zhen zheng de ren" de wen ti., wu lun shi tong guo shou yang dai yun zi ran fen mian hai shi fen mian hou de bian xing, cheng wei bian xing fu mu de suo you guo cheng dou shi kun nan de. zai yi ge nv xing bei gao du lang man hua de she hui li, zui da de tiao zhan shi pian jian: she hui huo dong jia da bi xi ji shuo, ta bei yao mo hua wei" sheng bing, bu neng zuo mu qin", yin wei ta shi yi ge bian xing ren., she jiao mei ti wei" zheng que" yu er fang fa de mi qie zi wo jian kong ti gong le yi ge qian suo wei you de ping tai. mu qin chu mai zi ji, rang zi ji shou dao pi ping, gong kai ping pan bie ren. zai he fen dun you bao shang, xi ji shuo ta" zong shi kun rao zi ji, bu guan ta shi fou shi yi ge hao mu qin." zhei xie wen ti yin ta de bian xing shen fen er jia ju:" ru guo wo er zi tou shang dai zhe fa jia, huo zhe chuan zhe fen hong se de qun zi ku zi, wo hui dan xin de. kong pa ren men ren wei wo shi zai gei ta guan shu si xiang. ta hai pa bei sao rao. kong pa qi ta fu mu bu hui rang ta men de hai zi he wo de hai zi yi qi wan.", shi jie shang you shang bai wan ge mei you xing de er tong de te shu cheng wei, dan mei you yi ge shi mei you xing de fu mu de te shu cheng wei., dui yu xi ni de bian xing ren Tea Uglow lai shuo, fu yang qian qi de liang ge nian you de er zi dou shi zai ta zou chu jia men zhi qian chu sheng de," zui zhong yao de shi bu yao shi tu he li hua yi qian de jing li yao you yi ge qian zhan xing de shi jiao. shi tu gai xie guo qu shi mei you yong de.", ai er ge luo bu xiang zai huo de" fu qin" de nan xing biao qian, dan ta de qian qi dui fen xiang" mu qin" zhe ge ci you xie bu an, dan xin ta hui shi qu zi ji de jue se." you dian gan ga." ai er ge luo cheng ren. shi jie shang you shu yi bai wan ji de wu xing bie er tong de te shu cheng wei, dan mei you wu xing bie fu mu de te shu cheng wei. zhi you dang zhe ge ci cun zai shi, wo men cai neng tan lun zhe ge xiang fa. ci hui biao shi wei man zu xu qiu er chuang jian de. hou lai, dang wo de hai zi die dao, ca shang xi gai, huo zhe dang wo zou jin fang zi shi, ta men ke yi ting zhi dui wo men han" fu mu"., zhei xie qi wang ke yi ye jiang gai bian. jin guan bian xing zheng ce you le xin de ke jian du, dan bu tai ke neng dui xing bie jin xing quan mian che di de gai ge. ao lai li shuo:" cong gen ben shang shuo, wo men wu fa cong wo men sheng huo de huan jing zhong huo de zhe xie chang shi." bie wang le, dui yu jue da duo shu ren lai shuo, nan nv de xing bie er yuan lun reng ran zhan zhu dao di wei. zhe yi bian xing yun dong shi fou zui zhong hui dong yao huo shi ji shang zhi hui jia qiang bei guang fan jie shou de wei ren fu mu de xing bie zhu zhang, reng you dai guan cha., pu dan bing bu nan guo. ta song song jian, qing qing di shu le shu chang fa." mei you ren gei guo ni sheng huo zhi nan." ren men ba ta kan de tai yan su le." ta shuo, ning shi zhe pao mo ka fei shang liu tang zhe de gui pi xin. dang ran, wo ren wei zuo wei yi ge bian xing fu mu, he yi ge pu tong de fu mu shi wan quan yi yang de: fu yang hai zi tai kun nan le., ben wen lai yuan yu wei xin gong zhong hao: neurity, lai yuan: aeon, zuo zhe: Clarissa Sebag Montefiore, fan yi: ren yu fang, huang yu jie. tou xiang lai zi: shi jue zhong guo.

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